IELTS雅思寫作Academic Task1學術組第一部分常用單字-長條圖、折線圖



雅思寫作學術組的第一部分圖表寫作,是和托福寫作截然不同的考試方式,之前有跟各位提過,雅思寫作的第一部分是考同學的分析和整合能力(參考本篇),但就算再彙整合分析,寫不出來也拿不到分數,寫的部分又分結構和字彙兩個區塊,關於結構請參考這篇! 今天要教給各位的是針對長條圖和折線圖的實用字彙。



1. 表達上升


1.1 rise


當動詞用: The number of Chinese visitors has risen since 2005. (*一直在增加,所以使用現在完成式)


當名詞用: There is a rise on the number of Chinese visitors.



1.2 grow


當動詞用: The birth rate started to grow in 2010.



1.3 climb


當動詞用: The number climbed in January.



1.4 increase


當動詞用: The ratio has increased since 2010.


當名詞用: There was an increase on the number in 2001.



1.5 go up


當動詞用: The number of visitors has gone up since 2005.



1.6 rocket


當動詞用: The house prices in the States rocketed to the top of the 6 countries.



2. 表達下降


2.1 fall


當動詞用: The number of Chinese visitors has fallen since 2005.


當名詞用: There is a fall on the number of Chinese visitors.



2.2 drop


當動詞用: The average yearly income in Taiwan dropped from 5 million to 2 million in 2016.


當名詞用: There was a drop on the number of sales.



2.3 decline


當動詞用: The proportion of iPhone usage has declined.


當名詞用: There was a decline on the proportion of iPhone usage.



2.4 decrease


當動詞用: The ratio has decreased since 2010.


當名詞用: There was an decrease on the number in 2001.



2.5 go down


當動詞用: The number of visitors has gone down since 2005.



2.6 plunge暴跌


當名詞用: We are expecting a plunge in profits this year.


2.7 plummet 暴跌


當動詞用: House prices have plummeted in recent months.



3. 表達持平


3.1 stay/remain/maintain + steady/constant/stable


The proportion remained stable in 2005.



4. 描述程度的形容詞和副詞


請用副詞來輔佐動詞(參考以上的當動詞用或當名詞用);用形容詞來輔佐名詞


例如: The number of visitors has rapidly dropped since 2005.


There was a significant decrease on the number of visitors.



4.1 急遽的 (表達短時間內極大的變化)


sharp / sharply


rapid / rapidly


steep / steeply (僅用於折線圖)



4.2 顯著的 (程度稍弱為急遽的)


significant / significantly


considerable / considerably


substantial / substantially



4.3 逐漸的


gradual / gradually


moderate / moderately



4.4些微、緩慢的


slight / slightly


slow / slowly (僅用於折線圖)




參考資料: Cambridge Dictionary


本篇內容皆由Joanna撰寫,請勿任意轉載。


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