容易搞混的時間介系詞



中文裡面沒有介係詞,因此介係詞對於學生來說往往是最困難的部分之一,但是其實介係詞有兩種,一種是常用的時間或地點介係詞,例如:on Monday, in the house,另外一種則是搭配動詞、形容詞或名詞使用的介係詞,例如:He bought the rice for me. He's excited about the match. It has a big influence on my family.,第一種是有機可循的,而第二種則必須靠不停重複使用,才能記住。


今天要特別針對第一種的「時間介係詞」來講解


in + 超過一天的時間


1. 世紀:


in 19th century 在19世紀


The castle was built in 19th century.


in 1900s 19世紀 (讀法:nineteen hundreds)


The teaching method was widely used in 1900s.


2. 十年


in a decade 十年內


No one knows what will happen in a decade.



3. 年


in 2000 在2000年


He was born in 2000.


4. 季節


in summer夏/ spring春/ winter冬/ autumn秋


It's very hot in Taiwan in summer.


5. 月


in January一月/ February二月/ March三月/ April四月/ May五月/ June六月/ July七月/ August八月/ September九月/ October十月/ November十一月/ December十二月


He was born in January.


6. 週


in a week 一週內


The essay is due in a week.


*7. 例外


in the morning早上/ afternoon中午/ evening晚上


I had 3 classes in the morning.



on + 一天以內


1. 星期幾


on Monday週一/ Tuesday週二/ Wednesday週三/ Thursday週四/ Friday週五/ Saturday週六/ Sunday週日


We went out on Monday.



*指每週固定的習慣請+s


on Mondays每週一/ Tuesdays每週二/ Wednesdays 每週三/ Thursdays 每週四/ Fridays每週五/ Saturdays 每週六/ Sundays 每週日



*若遇到其他東西搭配星期使用,一律用介系詞on


He broke up with his girlfriend on Monday morning.



2. 節日


on Christmas聖誕節/ Thanksgiving 感恩節/ New Year's Eve跨年夜/ Halloween萬聖節🎃/ Valentine's Day情人節/Birthday 生日


We always eat turkey on Thanksgiving.



*若遇到其他東西搭配節日使用,一律用介系詞on



3. 日期


We will get married on 10th September.


註:在美國會把月份放前面,在英國和澳洲會把日期放月份前面



4. 例外 weekend 週末 (有兩天)


We don't have to work on weekends.



*long weekend 有跨週末的連假


*At the weekend 在澳洲新聞中常常會使用的用法 (感謝澳洲朋友Addy)



at +一個瞬間


1. 時間


The class is at 10.



2. noon中午/ night 晚上/ midnight半夜十二點


I woke up at midnight.



3. sunrise日出/sunset日落


Let’s meet at sunset.



4. at the moment 現在


I am not busy at the moment.


*鍵盤對話中常常把at the moment 直接縮寫打成atm



5. at that time 當時


He wasn't home at that time.



before在之前/after在之後


當這兩個字出現時,後面可能會是一個單字或一個子句,若出現一個單字(或組字)時他們會是介系詞。


He always goes home before sunset.




不需要介系詞


1.this 這個


What would you like to do this Saturday.



2. last上個/ next下個


Let's go out next weekend.



3.every 每個


I have a cheeseburger every morning.




本篇文章由Joanna原創,請勿任意轉載


參考資料:Cambridge dictionary


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